This Day In History: June 23

Born this day in 1948 was Clarence Thomas~
associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1991, whose appointment to replace Thurgood Marshall (the court’s first African American justice) gave the court a conservative cast.
began the Battle of Bannockburn, a decisive engagement in Scottish history whereby the Scots defeated the English, regained their independence, and established Robert the Bruce as Robert I.
The Antarctic Treaty was enacted, reserving the entire continent for free and nonpolitical scientific investigation.
Sprinter Wilma Rudolph, the first American woman to win three track-and-field gold medals in a single Olympics, was born.
An expedition under A.H. MacCarthy and H.F. Lambert became the first to reach the summit of Mount Logan, the second highest mountain in North America.
The Cherokee chief and Confederate general Stand Watie surrendered at the close of the American Civil War—one of the last Confederate commanders to do so.
Popular English actor John Philip Kemble retired after his last performance, in which he played Coriolanus.
German King Adolf of Nassau was deposed in favour of Albert I.

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